Starts today at STF (Supreme Court), in a virtual plenary, the judgment of the actions that question President Jair Bolsonaro’s (non-party) decrees that facilitate access to weapons in the country. The ministers analyze a set of eight processes that ask for the total or partial annulment of the texts, published by the government in February.
The analysis of the cases goes from today until the end of next Friday (24), a period in which the ministers must present their votes in the court system.
The processes are from authored by five parties (PT, PSDB, PSB, PSOL and Network), which triggered the Court days after the publication of the four decrees. In April, just before the changes took effect, many excerpts of documents have been suspended by order of Minister Rosa Weber, rapporteur of all actions.
Days after Weber’s preliminary injunction, the STF began to judge in a virtual plenary whether or not it would confirm the cuts made by the minister in the Bolsonaro decrees. Minister Edson Fachin aligned himself with Weber for the suspension of the sections.
Shortly thereafter, however, Minister Alexandre de Moraes asked for a review of the records and interrupted the trial. After more than four months of analysis, Moraes returned the process to the agenda on the 8th.
Among other changes, the decrees published by Bolsonaro increase the limit on weapons that can be purchased even by ordinary citizens, decrease the control of the army and civil authorities over the material and eliminate restrictions on carrying. The changes, according to experts, tend to favor the proliferation and circulation of weapons in the country.
voltage at sight
According to columnist Carolina Brígido, from UOL, the STF tends to confirm Rosa Weber’s decision and limit the scope of Bolsonaro’s decrees. Internally, the ministers already made this assessment in May, when the process was paralyzed at the request of Alexandre de Moraes.
If confirmed, the overthrow or restriction of the decrees will mean a defeat for Bolsonaro, who since the beginning of the government has acted and spoken in favor of the population’s arms. In late August, the president attacked critics of the measures. “If you don’t want to buy a rifle, don’t piss off anyone who wants to buy it,” he told supporters.
Rosa Weber’s preliminary decision, which has already been confirmed by Fachin and is now being analyzed by the other ministers, promoted the overturning of passages in all of Bolsonaro’s decrees. The changes intended by the president are as follows:
- The Army Command will no longer supervise the manufacture of certain ammunition (up to 12.7 mm) and other accessories, such as reloading machines and detachable magazines, in addition to obsolete weapons;
- A number of categories will be exempt from being registered in the Army to carry out activities with controlled products, such as explosives and parts for military material;
- Anyone can, as long as they meet the requirements, buy up to six weapons without having to prove the need. By measure, just a self-declaration of need will be enough;
- The CACs (hunters, shooters and collectors) will only need authorization from the Army to buy firearms if the quantities exceed the limits established by law;
- In order to prove psychological aptitude for the purchase of a firearm, CACs will only need a report provided by a psychologist, accreditation by the Federal Police is not required;
- Increase in the maximum limit of ammunition that can be acquired, annually, by the CACs;
- Acquisition of ammunition by entities and shooting schools in unlimited quantity;
- Practice of sport shooting by adolescents from 14 (fourteen) years of age;
- Validity of carrying weapons for the entire national territory;
- Transit postage of CACs for loaded firearms;
- Simultaneous carrying of up to two firearms per citizen.